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山西自考网资料下载《高级英语》自考笔记(一)4

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年09月27日

 8. Choosing a strategy to cope with it then is……

  a. strategy 战略,与之相对的是tactics(战术)

  b. cope with to struggle or contend esp. . with some degree of success 应付,处理。

  如:They proposed several possibilities for coping with the crisis.

  他们提出了对付危机的几种可能方案。

  He is unable to cope with the duties of her new position.

  他不能应付新岗位的职责。

  9. So far as I have been able to discover there are four basic alternatives.

  a. so far as =as far as to the extent that ……而言,从……来看。

  如:His conduct so far as I can see is unjustifiable.

  就我看来,他凭一已之力将不可能完成这样巨大的项目。

  b. alternative one of more than two possibilities 数种可能之一,可代替的。

  如:There is alternative answer to this question.

  这个问题有几种可能的答案。

  An alternative plan is to apply for a loan.

  另一种可能的方案就是申请贷款。

  10. Drop Out

  drop out to withdraw from 退出。

  如:He has decided to drop out of politics.

  他已经决定退出政坛。

  Seven students dropped out of university last year.

  去年有七个学生被退了学。

  11. This is one of the oldest expedient ……=expedient a temporary means to an end 权宜之计

  如:resort to an expedient 采取权宜之计

  12. In one way or another its practitioners batten on the society which……

  a. in one way or another 以这样或那样的方式;在某方面。

  如:The project must be completed by the end of this month in one way or another.

  不管用什么方式,这个项目必须在这个月底结束。

  b. batten onthriveor prosperor live in luxury on)(esp. at the expense of others

  (靠他人牺牲而) 兴旺,过豪侈的生活,(损人)肥饱私囊

  13. some of us find this distasteful -an undignified kind of life.

  distasteful disagreeable unpleasant 讨厌的,令人不愉快的。

  如:Jazz is distasteful to me. 我讨厌爵士乐。(爵士乐不合我的口味)

  14. But for the poor in spiritwith low levels of both energy and prideit may be the least intolerable choice available.

  Availed ready for use readily obtainable

  a. (马上)可利用的;可得到的。

  如:employ all means available 采用一切可能的方法。

  The dress is available in all sizes. 这种款式的服装大小尺寸都有。

  b. (人)有空的。

  如:Ill be available tomorrow morning. 我明天早上有空。

  15. This strategy has ancient antecedents.

  Antecedent preceding thing or circumstance esp. pl. past history of a person 前事,前情;

  (复数)身世,经历,人的过去历史。

  如; a woman of shady antecedent 一个来历可疑的女人

  16. …… that is the city with all its ugliness and tension.

  tension mental strain 紧张。

  如:under extreme tension 处于极度紧张/(复数-s)紧张(状态)。

  如:the tension between labor and management 劳资间关系的紧张

  17. The trouble with the solution is that it no longer is on a large scale.

  on a large scale 大规模。

  另如n a tremendous scale 极大的规模。

  The project was undertaken on a grand scale. 这个项目规模很大。

  The reform is carried out on an enormous scale. 改革的幅度极大。

  18. Out planet unfortunately is running out of noble savages and unsullied landscapes.

  run out of become short of become exhausted 用完。

  如; We ran out of petrol the other day. 那一天大家汽油用光了。

  We are running out of time. 大家已经没有时间了。

  19. Plot a Revolution

  plot plan secretly 密谋。

  如:They plotted how to kill him. 他们密谋如何杀死他。

  The criminals were plotting to rob the bank. 犯罪密谋抢银行。

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