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山西自考网资料下载《高级英语》自考笔记(一)12

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年09月27日

 12. surrender oneself to to give oneself up to some influence course etc.沉溺于;沉迷于。

  如:He surrendered to despair grief .他沉溺于绝望(悲伤)。

  He surrendered himself to a life of pleasure. 他沉迷于享乐。

  13. The surest way to do sth. is ……做某事的最可靠的方法是……

  如:The surest way to succeed is to work hard.取得成功最可靠的方法是努力工作。

  14. To strain the attention of

  strain make excessive demands upon使劲用,因过度使用而伤害。

  如:strain oneself竭尽全力,劳累过度。

  He strained his voice to be heard above the noise周围太吵,他强拉嗓子大喊,人们才听得见他。

  He strained every muscle to life the box. 他用尽所有力气举起箱子。

  15. inherent in existing as a permanent part or quality that cannot be taken out固有的,与生具有的。

  如:A love of peace is inherent in human nature .热爱和平是人固有的本性。

  16. …… had bequeathed to us tables of stone commanding that……

  a. bequeath hand down pass on传给后代;to dispose of property or money by means of will立遗嘱赠与……

  如:I bequeath all my worldly goods to my wife .我将我所有的财产赠与我的妻子。

  One age bequeaths its civilization to the next. 一个时代将其文明留给下一个时代。

  b. tablets of stone 石碑。

  17. Package vt. to combine or offer as a single unit 把作为整体提出或推销。Adj. 一揽子。

  如:a package tour由旅行社代办一切的旅行;

  package deal 整批交易。

  18. pervade become spread throughout all parts of弥漫

  如:The smell of coffee pervaded the air .咖啡的气味弥漫在空中。

  Practical ideas pervaded the whole land. 整个国家弥漫着实际的思想。

  19. It tends to make things ultimately boring and dismissible……

  a. ultimate furthest or farthest最远的。如:an ultimate destination最终目的地。decisive conclusive决定性的。如:the ultimate authority最终权威。final total总数。如:the ultimate cost 最终成本。

  b. dismiss put aside from consideration 驱除。

  如:He dismissed the idea for it was just too impractical .他排除了这个观点,因为那太不合实际了。

  20. A substitute for …… a person or thing serving in place of another 替代。

  如:Guess work is no substitute for investigation .猜测不能代替调查。

  A substitute was sent in when one of the star players was injured. 一位主角受伤了,就派来了一位替身。

  substitute for :代替。

  如:Who will substitute for you if you are ill 如果你病了,谁替你

  21. Come fall short of to fail to reach a standard level etc. 没达到, 赶不上。

  如:His income may fall short of his needs .他的收入达不到他的需求。

  The result fell short of our expectations. 结果大失大家所望。

  22. wholesale in large amounts or on a large scale 大量地,不分青红皂白地。

  如:The company fired people wholesale last year .企业去年大规模裁员。

  wholesale批发 - retail零售。

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