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山西自考网资料下载《高级英语》各题型答题技巧6

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年12月30日

3. 填空

  考核学生对语法和词汇的运用能力。每句一个空格,要求学生从所提供的单词或词组中选择正确的答案填入空中。单词或词组选自课文中要求算重点练习的词语。

  Fill in the blank in each sentence with the best word or expression from the box below changing its form when necessary

  motivate in the long run regardless of be held to blamesquander to a great extent with honors take advantage ofsurvive be credited with fall victim to have trouble doing sth.

  1. The chairman of the board of directors was forced to resign _____ the power struggle among the directors.

  2. Intelligent and hard-working he passed _________ in degree examinations.

  3. Some girls are so shy as to ________ mixing socially with people.

  4. No one ________ for the loss of the game each had done her best.

  5. He enjoyed great popularity among the students _________speaking five foreign languages.

  6. The president decided to run for the second term _________ the state of his health.

  7. The small restaurant owner _________ all his hard-earned money in gambling within a year.

  8. To increase productivity we have to get the workers ______ but do you think material incentives will always work

  答案:

  1. falling victim to 2. with honors 3. have trouble 4. was held to blame

  5. credited with 6. regardless of 7. squandered 8. motivated

  解析:这种题目的做法可以借鉴上面题型的处理办法,

  1. 首先研读一下供选择的词做到心中有底,把词大致分分类。

  2. 然后仔细研读每一个句子,了解句子内容,做到心中有底。

  3. 根据语感,快速试填充一遍。

  4. 接下来逐句推敲。

  5. 根据上下文确定词义。使所选词的词义符合上下文逻辑意思的需要;尤其关注实词。

  6. 根据句子结构确定词形。使所选词的形式符合所在句语法结构上的要求;重点关注虚词。

  7. 着眼整体、注意关键词。如:but however even so… 说明后面的意思与前面的相反或对照,所选的词可能与前面某个词互为反义词。

  8. 抓住关键句型,作直观判断。比如常考的句型有:定语从句中缺少引导词;比较从句中漏了than;其它从句中的表示语法结构关系词例如so…thathardly…when 等是否遗漏。

  9. 注意常用词语搭配,关注词语间的互为提示。

  10. 然后通篇审核。

不同的是选择对了词之后,在填充时还要根据句子的意思确定词形的变化。这给考生增加了不少难度。例如:

  例句1中选择对了“fall victim to ”,还要知道该句子中不缺谓语动词,必须将“ fall victim to”变成非谓语形式,即用分词短语“falling victim to ”

  例句4中,在选择对了“be held to blame ” 之后,还要注意时态及主谓一致原则,所以应将“be held to blame ”变成“be held to blame ”

  答案:

  1. A 2. B 3. A 4. A 5. B 6. B

  7. A 8. B 9. A 10. B 11. B 12. A

  13. A 14. B 15. B 16. B 17. B 18. A

  解析(限于篇幅只分析13-18题):

  这一部分主要检查学员对同、近义词的区分与应用。

 

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