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山西自考网资料下载《高级英语》各题型答题技巧11

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年12月30日

 

(-)主旨大意题

  主旨题要求考生在阅读有关文章后能够概括出中心思想,确定段落大意或选定最佳标题。主旨题的常见提问方式有:

  1 From this passage we learn that…

  2 The article was written to explain…

  3 The author mainly discusses…

  4 The best title for this passage is…

  5 The central idea conveyed in the above passage is…

  6 The title that best expresses the main idea is…

  7 What does the passage mainly discuss

  8 What is the main topic theme subject point of the passage

  9 What would be the most appropriate title for this passage

  10 Which of the following is the best title for this passage

  11 Which sentence best summarizes the article

  12 Which title suits this passage best

例如:

  The United States is a country made up of many different races. Usually they are mixed together and cant be told from one another. But many of them still talk about where their ancestors came from. It is something they are proud of.

  The original Americans of course were the Indians. The so-called white men who then came were mostly from England. But many came from other countries like Germany and France.

  One problem the United States has always had is discrimination. As new groups came to the United States they found they were discriminated against. First it was the Irish and Italians. Later it was the blacks. Almost every group has been able to finally escape this discrimination. The only immigrants who have not are the blacks. Surprisingly enough the worst discrimination today is shown towards the Indians.

  One reason the Indians are discriminated against is that they have tried so hard to keep their identity. Of course they are not the only ones who have done so. The Japanese have their Little Tokyo in Los Angeles and the Chinese a Chinatown in New York. The Dutch settlement in Pennsylvania also stays separate from other people. Their towns are like something from the 19th century. They have a different reason from the other groups for staying separately. They live separately for religious reasons rather than keep together in a racia1 group.

  Although some groups have kept themselves separate and others have been discriminated against al1 groups have helped make the United States a great country. There is no group that has not helped in some way. And there is no group that can say they have done the most to make it a great country.

  Many people sti1l come from other countries to help the United States grow. A good example is the American project that let a man walk on the moon. It was a scientist from Germany who was most responsible for doing that. It is certain that in the future the United States wil1 still need the he1p of people from all racial groups to remain a great country.

  Question Which of the following statements can best describe the main idea of this passage

  A. The United States is a country made up of many different races.

  B. Discrimination is the most serious problem in the United States.

  C. All races in the United States have helped make the country a great one.

  D. The prosperity of the United States is mainly due to the hard work of the most discriminated races.

  解答:选C.

  这是一道主旨题,要求大家归纳文章的中心思想。速读全文后,大家就会发现D根本不是本文思想,应首先排除。B与原文的意思不符合。原文第三段第一句讲到美国一直有种族歧视问题,但没有说这是美国最严重的问题。A是本文第一段第一句的原话,但不足以概括全文的中心思想。而文章的第五段强调美国所有的种族都为建设美国做出了贡献,体现了文章的中心思想,所以C为正确答案。

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