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山西自考网资料下载《高级英语》各题型答题技巧13

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年12月30日

(三)推断、引申题

  该题形难度较大,要求考生在理解原文的基础上,根据文章中所阐述的事实细节和上下文的暗示与线索进行综合分析,然后做出推断或引申出合情合理的结论。

  这种题型的常用提问方式有:

  1 According to the article many people may…

  2 An inference which may not be made from the article is…

  3 In the paragraph following this one we may expect the author to discuss…

  4 It can be concluded from the passage that…

  5 The paragraph preceding following this one may discuss…

  6 The passage implies that…

  7 We can conclude infer see from the article that…

  8 What conclusion can be drawn from the passage

  9 Where wou1d this paragraph most probab1y appear

  10 Which of the following can not be inferred from the article

例如:

  Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a very complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as we1l as those of a myriad of services including labor transportation and public–utility services. The interrelationships of al1 these prices make up the “system” of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything e1se.

  If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define “price” many would rep1y that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or in other words that price is the money value of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. The definition is of course valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and seller should be familiar with not only the money amount but with the amount and qua1ity of the product or service to be exchanged the time and place at which the exchange will take p1ace and payment will be made the form of money to be used the credit terms and discounts that supply to the transaction guarantees on the product or service delivery terms return privileges and other factors. In other words both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total “package” being exchanged for the asked—for amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price.

  Question The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses_______.

  A. unusual ways to advertise products

  B. types of payment plans for service

  C. theories about how products affect different levels of society

  D. how certain elements of price “package” influence its market value

  解答:选D.

  本题要求推断本文后续段落的段意。根据文章最后一句“…both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors…in order that they may evaluate a given price.”买卖双方都要了解所有价格体系的决定因素,以便对实际价格做出评估。后面的段落将按逻辑讨论这些要素,由此选择D为答案。

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