1. Our uncle was roamer， an incurable wanderer who never could stay in one place.
Roamer = wanderer ： 流浪者， 漂泊者
2. Only last week the bank had discovered nearly a thousand dollars in counterfeit bills， source unknown. Their estimate was that thirty million dollars of bogus money had been produced the previous year.
Counterfeit bills = bogus money = spurious US currency： 伪钞
1. Her moods seem to go from one extreme to the other—— from deepest apathy to unlimited enthusiasm.
2. He may be dexterous at football， but he is very clumsy on the dance floor.
3. Unlike her gregarious sister， Jane is a shy， unsociable person who does not like to go to parties or to make friends.
1. His son fell into ignominy because of his betrayal， whereas his daughter gained fame because of her heroism in defying the enemy.
Ignominy：无耻行为， 堕落行为，——fame：名声， 声望， 名气
2. Most dentists‘ offices are drab places， but Emilio’s new office is a bright cheerful place.
Drab：单调， 乏味， 无生气——bright：明亮的， 辉煌的， 欢快的
1. It‘s just one more incredible result of the development of micro-processors——those tiny parts of a computer commonly known as silicon chip.
Micro-processors = tiny parts of a computer = silicon chip： 硅片
2. Mary felt perturbed； that is， she was greatly disturbed by her sister‘s actions.
Perturbed = disturbed：使心烦意乱；扰乱；使混乱
3. The floors were washed， the furniture oiled and polished， and the curtains freshly laundered； the whole house was in immaculate condition for the holidays.
Immaculate（。完美的） condition——the summary of the above
4. Henry field displayed his versatility in many ways： he was not only a novelist， he was also a dramatist， an essayist， and a political pamphleteer； he managed a theater and edited four newspapers； he was a learned authority on the law， an exceptionally able and efficient magistrate.
Versatility：多功能性——many different skills
Context and situation
1. In spite of the fact the fishermen were wearing sou‘westers， the storm was so heavy that they were wet through.
Sou‘wester ：一种后沿较宽可护颈之防水帽= southwester = long raincoat
2. Mozart gave his first public recital at the age of six. By the age of thirteen he had written symphonies and an operetta. He is justly called a child prodigy.
Prodigy：天才（特指神童） = gifted child
3. We‘ve discovered that there are two main types of human beings： “racehorses”， who thrive on stress and are happy only with a vigorous， fast-paced life-style， and “turtles”， who require peace， quiet and a generally tranquil environment.
Racehorse： 赛马型的人Turtles： 海龟型的人